Category Archives: Health

15 Life Lessons Learned From Primatologist Jane Goodall

From Life Hack.org by BY JEANNETTE DOZIER

In the world of biology, Jane Goodall is one of the biggest rockstars, drawing huge crowds and attention everywhere she goes. Having dedicated her life to the study of chimpanzees and crusading to save our planet, Goodall’s work is full of passion and meaning. Here are a few lessons we can learn from her.

Make time to read

Though she often has little time to spare, Goodall always reads a few chapters of a book every night. She credits reading Tarzan and the Apes to putting her on her path to explore Africa. Reading was also responsible for one of her greatest opportunities: when she met Louis Leakey she impressed him with her vast knowledge of Africa-knowledge she had obtained solely from books.

Value your family

Goodall frequently travels with her family and cites her mother as one of her biggest inspirations. As a child growing up she was always exploring and asking questions. Instead of scolding her or trying to suppress her curiosity, her mother encouraged Goodall, something she says is the reason why she was able to be so successful.

Don’t let school get in the way of your education

Goodall went from secretary school straight to getting her doctorate degree. Leakey famously told her that she couldn’t waste the time getting an undergraduate degree; she had to go straight to the top of academics. That had to be intimidating for a young girl back then with no training other than as a secretary, with most of her knowledge being self taught. But under her supervisor’s guidance she excelled and went on to change the science world forever.

Treasure this earth

Goodall is a famous activist for wildlife preservation. She has seen firsthand what is being done to this earth and she uses her position to mitigate it. Goodall has written several books about our planet’s decline as well as ways that we can restore it. She even started a group Roots and Shoots, an international community action based program, to help teach children about what is going on and how they can help.

Leave a legacy

Roots and Shoots is just a part of the greater Jane Goodall Institute. The JGI is a nonprofit founded by Jane Goodall that empowers others to make a difference in this world. The institute focuses on preservation, alleviating poverty, increasing education and sustainable living. Through the JGI and programs like Roots and Shoots, the legacy of Jane Goodall will live on and help to make the world a better place.

 

Practice compassion

Goodall has seen her share of horrific practices and treatment of chimpanzees and other species. She dedicated her life to studying and helping these creatures but focused her charity only on animals. One day on a flight over Gombe National Park she saw the abject poverty the people there lived in. She realized then that until a person could feed their families they wouldn’t care about saving animals and that it was irrational to ask starving men to stop poaching when it was their only way of making money. She has since extended her charities to helping humanity and eradicating poverty.

 

Don’t just theorize, act

Goodall is not just theory and talk, she is about action. Her institute is at the forefront of bringing the inhumane treatment of animals to the public’s attention. Her most recent crusade is urging aquariums around the world to phase out the practice of keeping beluga whales and dolphins in captivity.

Persistence pays off

Goodall’s work in Tanzania was arduous and slow, getting familiar with chimpanzees to let her get close enough to observe them before collecting the data and defending her methodology. But eventually her persistence payed off and entire scientific volumes have been written about her discoveries. She even discovered that chimpanzees used modified tools — a trait beforehand only given to distinguish humans.

There are many teachers in life

Not all of Goodall’s learning was from books or academics. She gives credit to a dog named Rusty and the chimpanzees she worked with for teaching her compassion and that animals can have unique personalities too. Goodall gave her chimpanzees names and wrote their personalities down as scientific notes! She believes that science must become more empathetic or we will miss crucial elements of what we are studying.

 

Your comfort zone is just a suggestion

The average chimpanzee is 3-5 times stronger than an average human. Picture a young Jane Goodall, no protection, no weapons, sitting just a few feet from foraging chimps — now that’s getting out of your comfort zone! She was in very real danger, enduring charges by the males, as well as the elements and diseases of Africa including Malaria and African sleeping sickness. Goodall proves that only by getting out of our comfort zone can we achieve greatness.

 

Age does not define you

Jane Goodall is almost 81 years old yet she travels more than 300 days a year. She marches in protests, she speaks at schools and conferences, and she is personally involved in her institute all at an age well past retirement. Her strong sense of purpose and determination enables her to do things most never dream of at an age that most don’t think they’ll ever reach.

You can get more done together

Goodall is famous for saying that the best way to deal with your enemy is to make them your friend. She has met with heads of the logging industry, petroleum and even lab scientists to listen and exchange ideas and from those meetings real change has occurred. She has recently partnered with Google to bring views of Gombe National Park to every computer screen on earth in an effort to raise awareness of the plight of chimpanzees around the world. She also partners with several local groups in Africa and starts Roots and Shoots programs to get more people involved.

 

Technology can connect us and teach us

Along with her partnership with Google, Goodall also uses online platforms like Twitter and YouTube to raise awareness and spread her message. The JGI releases animal videos that go viral; the more they are shared the more people cannot ignore their messages and the faster change happens.

Sometimes luck plays a huge role

While Goodall is an incredibly hard worker with legendary determination, luck did play a role in her career. Her mother encouraged her to go to secretary school. She was then chosen to be the secretary for Louis Leakey, a famous scientist and explorer. She impressed Leakey so much that he mentored her and encouraged her to get her PhD and continue her research. Without this chain of events, who knows what Goodall’s life would have led to?

Never give up hope

The most important message Goodall gives is to never, never, never give up hope. Hope is the one thing that keeps her going, the main reason she founded the JGI. She has hope in mankind and in the future. She believes that the combined efforts of the human brain, the indomitable human spirit, the resiliency of nature and the determination of young people can and will bring this planet back and stop the extinction of species and the decimation of the wild

 

I had the honor of meeting Dr. Goodall when she came to speak at Georgia State University. What struck me at first was how frail she seemed, she is almost 81 after all. But from the moment she opened her mouth and gave out a loud female chimpanzee greeting call I knew she was a force to be reckoned with. Her life gives us many lessons about love, compassion, determination, change, and truly living. But the main message to take away is to never give up hope.

Are near-death experiences real?

Are near-death experiences real?
New study investigates
medicalnewstoday.com» by Honor Whiteman on October 5, 2014

Near-death experiences. The terminology conjures thoughts of out-of-body episodes and bright light. Although such experiences may be repudiated as illusory, researchers of the world’s largest study to assess mental awareness during resuscitation say they have found evidence that near-death experiences may be real.

Common reports of near-death experiences include encountering a bright light, meeting deceased loved ones, and seeing and hearing “real” events from another perspective – often known as an out-of-body experience.

The researchers – led by Dr. Sam Parnia, who was an honorary research fellow at the University of Southampton in the UK when he began this study – publish their findings in the journal Resuscitation.

According to Dr. Parnia, death is a potentially reversible process that happens after a severe injury or illness causes the heart, lung or brain to stop functioning. “If attempts are made to reverse this process, it is referred to as ‘cardiac arrest.’ However, if these attempts do not succeed it is called ‘death,'” he explains.

Patients who experience cardiac arrest and are resuscitated often report a near-death experience (NDE) – described as a lucid experience of perceived consciousness that occurs during impending death.

Although NDEs differ from person to person, common reports of these experiences include encountering a bright light, meeting deceased loved ones, and seeing and hearing “real” events from another perspective – often known as an out-of-body experience.

The researchers note that NDEs are often perceived to be hallucinatory, but that such experiences have not been studied systemically.

“In this study we wanted to go beyond the emotionally charged yet poorly defined term of NDEs to explore objectively what happens when we die, ” says Dr. Parnia, now an assistant professor of critical care medicine and director of resuscitation research at the State University of New York, NY.

Mental experiences linked to death may reach further than previously thought

In 2008, Dr. Parnia and his team began the AWAreness during REsuscitation (AWARE) study. The researchers identified 2,060 cardiac arrest survivors from 15 hospitals in the UK, US and Australia.

Of the survivors who underwent an interview about any mental experiences related to death and reported some sense of awareness during resuscitation, 39% were unable to recall any specific details.

“This suggests more people may have mental activity initially but then lose their memories after recovery, either due to the effects of brain injury or sedative drugs on memory recall,” says Dr. Parnia.

Some of the survivors who reported a sense of awareness during resuscitation completed another interview.

The team notes that only 9% of survivors reported mental experiences compatible with NDEs, while 46% reported experiencing an array of death-related mental recollections that were not consistent with the traditional definition of NDE. Some survivors reported fearful and violent experiences, for example, while others reported remembering events prior to cardiac arrest or family members.

Dr. Parnia and his team note that this finding suggests the mental experiences associated with death may reach further than those traditionally linked to NDEs.

3-minute out-of-body experience validated in one patient

Complete awareness consistent with out-of-body experiences, such as “seeing” and “hearing” events linked to resuscitation, was reported in 2% of patients.

One survivor’s experience of this was monitored and timed via auditory stimuli during cardiac arrest.

“This is significant,” Dr. Parnia notes, “since it has often been assumed that experiences in relation to death are likely hallucinations or illusions, occurring either before the heart stops or after the heart has been successfully restarted, but not an experience corresponding with ‘real’ events when the heart isn’t beating.”

It is believed that the brain stops functioning within 20-30 seconds of the heart stopping. But the monitored patient appeared to see and hear surrounding events for up to 3 minutes after their heart had stopped beating. When the patient awoke, the events and sounds they described in this 3-minute window were consistent with what actually occurred.

Commenting on their findings, Dr. Parnia says:

“While it was not possible to absolutely prove the reality or meaning of patients’ experiences and claims of awareness (due to the very low incidence of explicit recall of visual awareness or so-called out-of-body experiences), it was impossible to disclaim them either and more work is needed in this area. Clearly, the recalled experience surrounding death now merits further genuine investigation without prejudice.”

The researchers add that further research is warranted to determine if awareness during cardiac arrest could lead to long-term psychological issues, such as post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD).

Last year, Medical News Today reported on a study by researchers from the University of Michigan claiming NDEs are electrical surges in the brain.